History of modern Olympic Games - Olympic Games Origin

The Olympic Games are a world sports festival that began in ancient Greece. The first & original Greek games were staged every fourth year for several hundred years until they were abolished within the early Christian era. The revival of the Olympic Games happened in 1896, they need been staged every fourth year, except during wars I and II (1916, 1940, 1944).

The Olympic Games are the world's only truly global, multi-sport, celebratory athletics competition. With quite 200 countries participating in over 400 events across the Summer and Winter Games, the Olympics are where the world involves competing, feeling inspired, and being together.

Olympics 2021

India has won 10 gold medals in the history of the Olympics, of which two came on August 11 in two different centuries. At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, shooter Abhinav Bindra became the primary individual Indian athlete to win gold while at the 1932 Olympics in LA, the legendary Indian team led by Major Dhyan Chand cruised to a second consecutive title with a record 24-1 win over the US.

The 1932 Games was the primary one during which Dhyan Chand captained the Indian team. Only three teams took part and India were runaway victors with an 11-1 win over Japan and therefore the record won over the USA thus scoring a whopping 35 goals and conceding just two in two matches. The 23-goal margin in India's match against the USA remains the very best-ever margin of victory during a hockey match at the Olympics. Dhyan Chand scored eight goals and Roop Singh scored 10 there in the game.

The Modern Olympics-

The revival of the Olympic Games in 1896, unlike the first Games, features a clear, concise history. Pierre de Coubertin (1863–1937), a young French nobleman, felt that he could institute an academic program in France that approximated the traditional Greek notion of a balanced development of mind and body. The Greeks themselves had tried to revive the Olympics by holding local athletic games in Athens during the 1800s but without lasting success. it had been Baron de Coubertin's determination and organizational genius, however, that gave impetus to the fashionable Olympic movement. In 1892 he addressed a gathering of the Union des Sports Athlétiques in Paris. Despite a meager response, he persisted, and a world sports congress eventually convened on June 16, 1894. With delegates from Belgium, England, France, Greece, Italy, Russia, Spain, Sweden, and therefore us attending, he advocated the revival of the Olympic Games. He found ready and unanimous support from the nine countries. De Coubertin had initially planned to carry the Olympic Games in France, but the representatives convinced him that Greece was the acceptable country to host the primary modern Olympics. The council did agree that the Olympics would move every four years to other great cities on the planet.

Thirteen countries competed at the Athens Games in 1896. Nine sports were on the agenda: cycling, fencing, gymnastics, tennis, shooting, swimming, track and field, weight lifting, and wrestling. The 14-man U.S. team dominated the track and field events, taking first place in 9 of the 12 events. The Games were a hit, and a second Olympiad was scheduled to be held in France. Olympic Games were held in 1900 and 1904, and by 1908 the number of competitors quite quadrupled the amount at Athens — from 311 to 2,082.

Beginning in 1924, a Winter Olympic Games was included — to be held at a separate cold-weather sports site within the same year because the Summer Games — the primary held at Chamonix, France. In 1980 about 1,600 athletes from 38 nations competed at Lake Placid, N.Y., during a program that included Alpine and Nordic skiing, biathlon, hockey, ice skating, skating, bobsled, and luge.

But the Summer Games, with its big selection of events, are still the focus of the fashionable Olympics. Among the quality, events are basketball, boxing, canoeing and kayaking, cycling, equestrian arts, fencing, hockey, gymnastics, modern pentathlon, rowing, shooting, soccer, swimming and diving, tennis, track and field, volleyball, athletic game, weight lifting, wrestling (freestyle and Greco-Roman), and yachting. New sports are added to the roster at every Olympic Games; among the more prominent are baseball, martial arts, and last triathlon, which was first contested at the 2000 Games. The Games are governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), whose headquarters is in Lausanne, Switzerland.

The Summer and Winter Games were traditionally held within the same year, but due to the increasing size of both Olympics, the Winter Games were shifted to a special schedule after 1992. They were held in Lillehammer, Norway in 1994, in Nagano, Japan in 1998, in Salt Lake City, Utah in 2002, in Turin, Italy in 2006, and in 2010, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Performance-Enhancing Drugs

Winning medals at the Olympic Games has always been considered the foremost prestigious mark of an athlete, and a source of glory for the athlete's country. This has led to the utilization of performance-enhancing drugs by athletes, intentionally or otherwise, despite the health risks to the athlete and IOC rules prohibiting the utilization of those substances. the kinds of medicine banned include stimulants (which are often found in cold and cough medications; caffeine is additionally banned), narcotics, anabolic steroids, diuretics, certain hormones (such as human growth hormone), and in some sports, beta-blockers. The testing of athletes for drug use began for the Olympics in 1968, at the Mexico City Games, but didn't become widespread until the 1972 Games. Over the years, as drugs like human somatotropin are developed, tests are added for newer drugs.

IOC (International Olympic Committee) publicly rebukes the utilization of performance-enhancing drugs. However, it's commonly believed that even with out-of-competition testing, the drugs and masking agents available to athletes are far before the tests wont to detect these substances. A study released in September 2000 financed by the U.S. government accused the IOC of permitting drug use to continue to take care of the mystique of the Olympics and record-breaking performances. The IOC formed the planet Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) in late 1999 to check athletes at the upcoming Olympics and to extend drug testing standards, but how effective WADA is going to be by the end of the day isn't yet known.

Full list of host cities:

1896 – Athens (Greece)

1900 – Paris (France)

1904 – St Louis (USA)

1908 – London (England)

1912 – Stockholm (Sweden)

1916 – Berlin (Germany) – CANCELLED

1920 – Antwerp (Belgium)

1924 – Paris (France)

1928 – Amsterdam (Netherlands)

1932 – Los Angeles (USA)

1936 – Berlin (Germany)

1940 – Tokyo/Helsinki (Japan, Finland) – CANCELLED

1944 – London (England) – CANCELLED

1948 – London (England)

1952 – Helsinki (Finland)

1956 – Melbourne and Stockholm (Australia & Sweden)

1960 – Rome (Italy)

1964 – Tokyo (Japan)

1968 – Mexico City (Mexico)

1972 – Munich (West Germany)

1976 – Montreal (Canada)

1980 – Moscow (Soviet Union)

1984 – Los Angeles (USA)

1988 – Seoul (South Korea)

1992 – Barcelona (Spain)

1996 – Atlanta (USA)

2000 – Sydney (Australia)

2004 – Athens (Greece)

2008 – Beijing (China)

2012 – London (England)

2016 – Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2021 – Tokyo (Japan)

India Tokyo Olympics Medal Table-

Till now, India has won 7 medals in Tokyo Olympics 2021. This is the highest count of medals that India has ever won in the Olympics. (12/08/2021)

Medal Type               Count

 Gold                          1

 Silver                          2

 Bronze                          4


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